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The film was the first full-color cartoon and later that year, it won the Academy Award for the Best Cartoon. In 1933, The Three Little Pigs, another popular Silly Symphonies short, was released and also won the Academy Award for Best Cartoon. The song from the film “Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?”, which was composed by Frank Churchill—who wrote other Silly Symphonies songs—became popular and remained so throughout the 1930s, and became one of the best-known Disney songs. Other Silly Symphonies films won the Best Cartoon award from 1931 to 1939, except for 1938, when another Disney film Ferdinand the Bull won it. Disney was founded on October 16, 1923, by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as Disney Brothers Studio; it also operated under the names Walt Disney Studio and Walt Disney Productions before changing its name to The Walt Disney Company in 1986.
The protest was dubbed the “Disney Do Better Walkout”; employees protested near a Disney Studios lot for about a week, and some other employees voiced their concerns through social media. Employees called on Disney to stop campaign contributions to Florida politicians who supported the bill, to help protect employees from it, and to stop construction at Walt Disney World in Florida. Chapek responded by stating the company had made a mistake by staying silent and said; “We pledge our ongoing support of the LGBTQ+ community”. According to Walt, he had the idea of an amusement park during a visit to Griffith Park with his daughters. He said he watched them ride a carousel there and that he thought there “should be … some kind of amusement enterprise built where the parents and the children could have fun together”.
To help reduce costs, Disney announced it would be lay off 4,000 employees and close 300 to 400 Disney Store outlets. After winning the World Series in 2002, Disney sold Anaheim Angels to businessman Arturo Moreno for $180 million in 2003. The same year, Roy Disney announced his retirement because of the way the company was being run, calling on Eisner to retire; the same week, board member Stanley Gold retired for the same reasons. Dow Jones & Company, wanting to replace three companies in its industrial average, chose Disney in May 1991, statement Disney “reflects the importance of entertainment and leisure activities in the economy”. Disney’s next animated film Beauty and the Beast was released on November 13, 1991, and grossed nearly $430 million.
It was presented by a host, and talented children and adults called “Mousketeers” and “Mooseketeers”, respectively. After the first season, over ten million children and five million adults watched it daily; and two million Mickey Mouse ears, which the cast wore, were sold. On December 15, 1954, Disneyland aired an episode of the five-part miniseries Davy Crockett, which stars Fess Parker as the title character. According to writer Neal Gabler, ” became an overnight national sensation”, selling 10 million Crockett coonskin caps.
Because of a scene featuring two lesbians kissing, Pixar’s Lightyear was banned in 13 predominantly Muslim countries, and barely broke even at the box office. In a leaked video of a Disney meeting, participants talked about pushing LGBT+ themes in the company’s media, angering some people, who say the company is “trying to sexualize children”, while others applauded its actions. In 1983, Walt’s son-in-law Ron W. Miller, who had been president of the company since 1978, became its CEO, and Raymond Watson became chairman.
In 1991, Disney and Pixar agreed to a deal to make three films together, the first one being Toy Story. In 1950, Cinderella, Disney’s first animated film in eight years, was released and was considered a return to form for the studio. With a production cost of costing $2.2 million, it was Disney’s most financially successful film since Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, making $8 million in its first year.
That year, Disney became the first studio to release two $1-billion-dollar-earning films in one calendar year. In 2010, the company announced ImageMovers Digital, which it started in partnership with ImageMovers in 2007, would be closing by 2011. In 1988, Disney’s 27th animated film Oliver & Company was released the same day as that of former Disney animator Don Bluth’s The Land Before Time. Oliver & Company out-competed The Land Before Time, becoming the first animated film to gross over $100 million in its initial release, and the highest-grossing animated film in its initial run. At the time, Disney became the box-office-leading Hollywood studio for the first time, with films such as Who Framed Roger Rabbit , Three Men and a Baby , and Good Morning, Vietnam .
In 2010, at a factory in China where Disney products were being made, workers experienced working hours three times longer than those prescribed by law, and one of the workers committed suicide. Shortly before Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’ release, work began on the company’s next films Pinocchio and Bambi; Bambi was postponed. Pinocchio won the Academy Awards for Best Song and Best Score, and was said to have made groundbreaking achievements in animation. Pinocchio, however, performed poorly at the box office upon its release on February 23, 1940, because its international releases were prevented due to World War II. After a disagreement with Columbia Pictures about the Silly Symphonies cartoons, Walt signed a distribution contract with United Artists from 1932 to 1937 to distribute the series. In 1932, Disney signed an exclusive contract with Technicolor to produce cartoons in color until the end of 1935, beginning with the Silly Symphonies short Flowers and Trees .
The live-acton/animated musical Pete’s Dragon was released in 1977, grossing $16 million in the U.S. and Canada, but was considered a disappointment to the company. In 1979, Disney’s first PG-rated film and most expensive film up to that point at $26 million dollars The Black Hole was released, showing Disney could use special effects. It grossed $35 million, which was a disappointment to the company, which thought it would be a hit like Star Wars . Disney’s first post-Walt animated film The Aristocats was released in 1970; according to Dave Kehr of Chicago Tribune, “the absence of his [Walt’s] hand is evident”. The following year, the anti-fascist musical Bedknobs and Broomsticks was released and won the Oscar for Best Special Visual Effects.
อนิเมะพากย์ไทย One Hundred and One Dalmatians introduced animation technique using the xerography process to electromagnetically transfer the drawings to animation cels. In 1956, the Sherman brothers, Robert and Richard, were asked to produce a theme song for the television series Zorro. The company later hired them as exclusive staff songwriters, an arrangement that lasted 10 years. They wrote many of the songs for Disney’s films and theme parks, and several of them were commercial hits. In the late 1950s, Disney ventured into comedy with the live-action films The Shaggy Dog , which became the highest-grossing film in the U.S. and Canada for Disney at over $9 million, and The Absent Minded Professor , both starring Fred MacMurray. In the company’s second fiscal quarter of 2020, Disney reported a $1.4 billion loss, with a fall in earnings of 91% to $475 million from the previous year’s $5.4 billion.
To help with the film division, the company started making Saturday-morning cartoons to create new Disney characters for merchandising, and produced several films through Touchstone. Under Eisner, Disney became more involved with television, creating Touchstone Television and producing the television situation comedy The Golden Girls, which was a hit. The company also spent $15 million promoting its theme parks, raising visitor numbers by 10%. In 1984, Disney produced The Black Cauldron, then the most-expensive animated movie at $40 million, their first animated film to feature computer-generated imagery, and also their first PG-rated animated film because of its adult themes.

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